Want to know how hackers can hack your account?
Do you know the different techniques that a hacker can use for hacking your account?
Then you must give a read to this.
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We will tell you about the phishing and spear phishing attacks, Facebook phishing, phishing emails, spoofing addresses, the use of fake URL’s and fake websites. We will also guide you about how can you detect an attack and how can you protect yourself from phishing attacks.
WHAT IS PHISHING?
First of all to protect yourself from a phishing attack, you need to know what does phishing means?
Phishing sound like fishing. Yes, it also works like that. It is a social engineering technique that has been developed to steal your passwords, credit cards numbers and other essential data that you put on internet. The basic motive of such a phishing attack is to use the credentials to gain further access to more delicate information such as social media passwords and bank account numbers.
To explain it more for your understanding, an example shall work. For instance, you may receive a text message, email or phone call that contain a link to the site that is controlled by the attackers. This link may ask you to enter your login details. By using this, they may easily perform a phishing attack. The email is usually designed in a way to look similar to a regular Dropbox or Facebook email. It might also look like a link to a fake site that looks exactly like Dropbox or Facebook.
WHAT IS A SPEAR PHISHING ATTACK?
Spear phishing is a kind of phishing attack that is mainly aimed at attacking you. A spear phishing attack is not spread around like a spam. Such type of spear phishing attacks have been found to be fruitful as they turn out to be a sophisticated attack because the email might be intended for and be modified to a specific context.
Fishing, in which you through the bait and wait for any fish to come and bite. While in spear phishing attack, you are being followed individually instead of dropping your bait into the ocean and waiting for any fish to bite.
For instance, if you provide services as a freelancer then you may get an email in your inbox to upload your letters in the Dropbox but instead of linking you to the Dropbox folder you are directed to a phishing site. Once you have type in your password, you will be redirected to the original folder and would never suspect any shady play.
Spear phishing attacks commonly occur in hefty organizations where criminal enterprises, competitors and governments might gather intelligence about organization’s workers to figure out weak spots in the system.
FACEBOOK PHISHING AND OTHER ATTACKS
One of the phishing attacks takes place through Facebook. It might look insusceptible as it is shown in the form of a notification that says ‘someone mentioned you in a comment’ or ‘ someone shared a document in the Dropbox’. Attackers wait for you to put your details, and then you may be redirected to the real site and asked again to enter credentials again but this time justifiably. As it logs you to the original site, all doubts will go away.
However the phishing attack has been done by the attacker. He has collected your username and password. Moreover, he might use your email address to hack your other accounts easily.
The most dangerous thing about phishing attack is that the attacker has access to your email inbox in which financial details are available. He might use these details in your absence.
SPOOFING ADDRESSES AND PHISHING E-MAIL
The phishing attackers generally use two technological tricks to successfully phish people that are via email or phone calls. Attackers might use the best language, good timing and excellent design to successfully plan a phishing attack.
The most easily spoofed are emails and phone calls. So it’s difficult to guess whether the email has come from Facebook or not. Several email services will check for cryptographic signatures to prove that the email has been sent by particular realm however it might also not work.
A phishing attack may also be performed by a phone call. For example you receive a phone call from a bank account asking your account details. But it’s not known whether this call is originates from this number.
The solution to such phishing attacks through emails and calls is to write them back or call them again and wait for the reply.
PHISHING AND FALSE WEBSITES
Another way of executing a phishing attack is to develop fake websites that look exactly to the real ones. Attackers may register URLs that mimic those of legitimate sites. They usually change the order of letters such as goolge.com or use the sub-domains that sound as legitimate domains such as facebook.com.importantsecurityreview.co.
For making the website appear authentic, the attackers get HTTP’s security certificate as they are really the owner of the sub domains.
HOW TO SPOT A PHISHING ATTACK? HOW TO PROTECT YOUR DATA FROM PHISHING?
Two-factor Authentication can offer protection to counter a phishing attack, by making it hard for the attacker to access your account. However sophisticated phishing attacks will not accumulate your identification but log into your account concurrently. By this the attacker will easily know whether the credentials are functioning, if not, it will ask you yet again to enter the password.
When attackers encounter Two-factor Authentication or a captcha, they will ask you to enter the code into a window on their fake site . and then use this to get in to your real account.
To avoid these phishing attacks, few companies along with Facebook permit you to upload your PGP key to their servers. By doing so, every email you’ll receive from Facebook will be encrypted making it effortless to verify their authenticity. The good thing about this is that if someone gets logged into your account, he might not see your notifications and reset your password.
Sadly, the only long-lasting defense against phishing attacks is healthy skepticism, due attentiveness, and a strong awareness. In order to avoid phishing attacks, various organizations regularly check their staff in their ability to sense phishing scams. In companies where cyber security is of the highest importance, not detecting a phishing scam can lead to the termination of the employee.